HPBA Heating Products at-a-Glance: Your Local Hearth Retailer Can Help Select the Best Product For Your Home – Part 2 of 4
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TYPE Stoves
BENEFITS The most versatile hearth product, stoves are available in a wide selection of sizes and styles, and can be made of steel, stone or cast iron.
INSTALLATION A stove can be installed almost anywhere in the home. As stove construction is extremely air-tight and durable, clearance to walls could be as little as six inches.

Vent-free gas stoves require no chimney or fire modification.

FUEL USE/TYPE Freestanding stoves burn wood, natural gas propane, coal, wood pellets, oil or run on electricity.
COST*
Includes estimated price of average product and installation (in US $)
Wood FireTypical cost of a freestanding wood stove with new chimney: $3,000-$4,200.
Natural GasPellet stove: $3,500-$4,000.
Natural GasGas stove: $3,000-$4,000.
Electric FireplaceElectric stoves offer easy installation and require no venting or chimney. The typical cost: $100-$600.
ESTIMATED EFFICIENCY**
Effiency is measured differently for different fuel types
Wood Fire Wood stoves (EPA certified) are 60 – 80% efficient.

 

Natural GasPellet stoves are 50 – 80% efficient.
Natural GasCorn stoves are 40 – 75% efficient.***
Natural GasHeater-listed direct-vent gas stoves are 58 – 80% efficient.
Natural GasVent-free gas stoves are 92 – 99% efficient.
Electric FireplaceElectric stoves are up to 99% efficient.

 

* Accessories such as remote controls and gas line work may add to the estimated cost.

**Efficiency Notes: 1) Vent-free gas appliances: Some sources use 92-99% depending on how efficiencies are measured. 2) Electric appliances: The energy efficiency measured on this chart does not take into account getting electricity to the house. 3) Canadian residents: For more information on the efficiency ratings for gas fireplaces, stoves and inserts, go to http://oee.nrcan.gc.ca/equipment/english/fireplace-search.cfm. Vent-free products are not available in Canada. 4) Data for efficiency ratings came from multiple sources, including: HPBA members, energy.cas.psu.edu, Vent-Free Gas Products Alliance, hometips.com. 5) The estimated efficiency number (higher is better) is the result of measuring how much energy comes out of the hearth product from the amount of fuel put into it.

*** The delivered efficiency of corn stoves is slightly less than pellet stoves due to the higher moisture content in corn compared to wood pellets. Visit www.hpba.org/fuelcalculator to learn more.